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Permanent Monitoring Panel -

Members of the Panel:

William Barletta (
Carmine Difiglio (
Robert Schock (

William Fulkerson (
Richard Garwin (
Lady Barbara Thomas Judge (
Hisham Khatib (
Jef Ongena (
Adnan Shihab-Eldin (
Bruce Stram (
Richard Wilson (
Zhang Xiliang (

Associate Members:
Bob Budnitz
Pierre Darriulat
Ashok Gadgil
Jafar D. Jafar
Valery Kukhar
Sergio Martellucci
Frank von Hippel
Mark Levine
Tatsuo Masuda
Charles McCombie
Yuichi Ogawa
Anil Razdan
Dong-Pil Min
Hans-Holger Rogner
Sun Yuliang
Bob van der Zwaan

Summary of the Emergency

Energy supply and use affects economic growth, security, pollution, climate change and political tensions among nations. Oil prices have been, and are likely to remain a major factor limiting global economic recovery. Almost 20% of the world’s population (1.3 billion people) still lack electricity and basic energy services, without which, education, economic progress and political self-realization are barely possible. While most OECD countries have vastly improved energy’s environmental footprint, energy production and use remain the major source of air and water pollution in many countries, severely compromising health and well-being. Lastly, the burning of fossil fuels is the primary anthropogenic contributor to increased greenhouse gas concentrations.

Priorities in dealing with the Emergency

The PMP has monitors scientific and technical results and contributes to the formulation of policy on the following subjects:

  • Energy efficiency technologies and policies
  • Renewable energy technologies and policies
  • Nuclear power technologies and policies
  • The international oil and gas markets
  • Energy services for the poor
  • Energy and cities
  • Technologies and policies to limit greenhouse gas emissions

Erice Seminars on Planetary Emergencies – Energy PMP Sessions


Global Nuclear Energy Issues
Energy and Sustainability in Cities


Nuclear Power After Fukushima
Unconventional Natural Gas Development**
Energy Efficiency


Science for Sustainable Energy Systems
Passive Safety in Nuclear Power Plants
Oil Spills and Deep Water Drilling**


Essential Technologies for Moderating Climate Change and Improving Energy Security
Advanced Technologies and Strategies in China


Food and Energy: Sustainability of Biofuels
Nuclear Power: Present and Future
Nuclear Waste: On the Road to Sustainability**

*Published papers for the 2012 Erice Seminar are available at:

This page includes all of the published papers from the 2012 Erice Seminars (listed by author). The nuclear and sustainable-cities papers are those by: Budnitz, Difiglio, Garwin, von Hippel, Judge, Masuda, Petroski, Rajaraman, Razdan, Rogner, Schock, Shihab-Eldin and Sun.

**Co-sponsored with the Pollution PMP.

For more information

A chronological record of Energy PMP activities and many of the papers and presentations sponsored by the Energy PMP are available at: